OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD)

 

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is another anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, intrusive, anxiety provoking thoughts that are ego-dystonic (not characteristic of who you are), and make no sense.  

 

The Obsession refers to the thought and the compulsion refers to the behavior which follows the thought.  The most effective treatment noted for OCD today is Cognitive-behavioral therapy.  This involves two components: Exposure and response prevention involves repeated exposure to the source of your obsession. Then you are asked to refrain from the compulsive behavior you'd usually perform to reduce your anxiety

 

General Symptoms of Obsessive Compusive Disorder Include:

 

  • Recurrent/persistent thoughts, images, impulses

  • Intrusive/inappropriate thoughts that cause anxiety/distress

  • Repetitive behaviors (i.e., counting, hand washing, ordering, checking) or mental acts (i.e., praying, counting, repeating words silently) that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession

  • Behaviors are aimed at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation